The world is in need of fresh water. 97% of the water on earth is salted, with an average salinity of 3.5% – way too high for drinking, industry or agriculture. The planet’s fresh water is very unevenly distributed, with most of it being in the form of ice, snow, groundwater and soil moisture. Only 0.3% is in liquid form on the surface. Of the liquid surface fresh water, 87% is contained in lakes, 11% in swamps, and only 2% in rivers.
So getting fresh water to the right place and in the right quantities is critical for life on earth.
Roughly 80% of people around the world live within 60 miles of a coast, so using seawater desalination is an obvious solution to the lack of fresh water we face.
IDE solves the water treatment challenges of the world. That’s what motivates our people to deliver continually outstanding performance to our customers. Our best water solutions are created working together with our customers, partners and the environment. We understand that what really counts is developing plants that reliably and consistently hit performance targets and delivering on the promises we make.
Click the following link to learn what is desalination.
The MVC: 38 Years of Experience
This paper describes the development of large capacity high efficiency MVC and the accumulated experience of this process in power utilities, refineries and the industrial sector.
Utilizing Available Coldness from Liquefied Natural Gas LNG Regasification Process for Seawater Desalination
In this article a case study was considered, in which an LNG regasification plant can supply 1750 ton/hr of water-glycol solution at -15°C to be utilized for seawater desalination. The main challenge in this evaluation is being able to provide a desalination solution able to compete with the commonly used RO plants.
Recovery of Osmotic Power in SWRO Plants
The paper analyzes the ways that different researchers have selected to overcome the phenomenon of CP, and presents an overview of the existing RO membranes from the point of view of their suitability for use in Forward Osmosis power generation.
Design Challenges and Operational Experience of a Mega MED Seawater Desalination Plant in Tianjin
This article is a continuation of the article "Sliding Pressure Turbine Integrated with Seawater Desalination Facility (MED)" presented at the IDA 2011 World Congress.
Three Pressure Retarded Osmosis PRO Processes
Pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) can be implemented on a number of water types, using different technologies and achieving various power outcomes. This paper presents the three most practical options.
Implementation of Build Operate Transfer Schemes: Obstacles and Solutions
This paper focuses on these cases, addressing the main causes of the failure of suggested/initiated BOT scheme offerings and what prevented their successful implementation. The paper analyses the main constraints and obstacles characterizing these setbacks, and presents different solutions and alternatives to by-pass and/or overcome these obstacles that, if adopted, could enhance the possibilities of successful implementation of the projects.