Acid Mine Drainage Definition
Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is a natural phenomenon of a contaminated run-off formed by a chemical reaction between air, water and rocks containing sulfur-bearing minerals (Pyrite). The increased soil excavation of mining activity further accelerates AMD formation.
Acid Mine Drainage Effects on the Environment
Acid mine drainage is a problem because it is usually very acidic, and rich in sulfates, hardness and dissolved heavy metals. The main concerns of regarding acid mine drainage are the contamination surface drinking water source or penetration into the local aquifer, but acid mine drainage also has effects on humans.
IDE’s Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Solutions
IDE’s expertise in both membrane and thermal technologies allows it to offer end-to-end solutions for produced water treatment, from water to Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) level. This includes all necessary pretreatment, ultra-filtration, reverse osmosis, evaporators and crystallizers.
Our modular and pre-fabricated solutions for both RO and thermal solutions are easy to install, with minimal on-site setup, and are particularly suited for remote locations.
Offering Unique Benefits to our Partners
- End-to-end solution, from water to a full ZLD solution
- Full process guarantee
- Robust and reliable solutions for difficult effluents
- Modular, pre-fabricated solutions
- Minimal energy and chemical consumption
- Custom design process to meet the most stringent discharge limitations
- Easy to operate with less human involvement frequired, thus further reducing operating costs
- Pre-assembled and tested prior to delivery
Acid Mine Drainage Process Flow Diagram:
The MVC: 38 Years of Experience
This paper describes the development of large capacity high efficiency MVC and the accumulated experience of this process in power utilities, refineries and the industrial sector.
Utilizing Available Coldness from Liquefied Natural Gas LNG Regasification Process for Seawater Desalination
In this article a case study was considered, in which an LNG regasification plant can supply 1750 ton/hr of water-glycol solution at -15°C to be utilized for seawater desalination. The main challenge in this evaluation is being able to provide a desalination solution able to compete with the commonly used RO plants.
Recovery of Osmotic Power in SWRO Plants
The paper analyzes the ways that different researchers have selected to overcome the phenomenon of CP, and presents an overview of the existing RO membranes from the point of view of their suitability for use in Forward Osmosis power generation.
Design Challenges and Operational Experience of a Mega MED Seawater Desalination Plant in Tianjin
This article is a continuation of the article "Sliding Pressure Turbine Integrated with Seawater Desalination Facility (MED)" presented at the IDA 2011 World Congress.
Three Pressure Retarded Osmosis PRO Processes
Pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) can be implemented on a number of water types, using different technologies and achieving various power outcomes. This paper presents the three most practical options.
Implementation of Build Operate Transfer Schemes: Obstacles and Solutions
This paper focuses on these cases, addressing the main causes of the failure of suggested/initiated BOT scheme offerings and what prevented their successful implementation. The paper analyses the main constraints and obstacles characterizing these setbacks, and presents different solutions and alternatives to by-pass and/or overcome these obstacles that, if adopted, could enhance the possibilities of successful implementation of the projects.